MEASUREMENT & METRICS RESOURCES

The Impact of Institutional Sales on Farm Income in Massachusetts (DRAFT)

Author: TBD
Affiliated Organizations: Massachusetts Farm to School Project
Location: Massachusetts
Sector: farm to school
Year Published: 2015

Abstract TBD


Farm-to-School in Montana: An Assessment of Program Participation

Author: Autumn Lee
Affiliated Organizations: University of Montana
Location: Montana
Sector: farm to school
Year Published: 2015

Montana is a prominent player in the farm-to-school movement with its strong agricultural industry and its leadership in the farm-to-school FoodCorps program. Farm-to-school involves connecting students to food through local procurement, nutrition education, and garden immersion. Many researchers indicate that farm-to-school participation strengthens local economies, improves student health, and creates more cohesive communities, but the financial and logistical challenges of implementation signal the call for stronger policy and funding support. In this professional paper, the author builds upon previous research to understand the unique outcomes of farm-to-school participation in Montana and to explore the policy and funding needs specific to the state. In particular, the author explores the social and economic impact of program implementation by surveying 16 participating K-12 public schools.


New England Healthy Food in Health Care: Leading the Charge to a Healthy, Sustainable Food System

Authors: Stacia Clinton, John Stoddard, Kit Perkins, Brittany Peats, and Amy Collins
Affiliated Organizations: Health Care Without Harm
Location: New England
Sector: farm to health care
Year Published: 2014

This report outlines the activities that New England health care systems, hospitals, and clinicians are currently engaged in through the Healthy Food in Health Care Program. It is a sampling of the innovative work underway in these facilities and details the variety of ways HFHC hospitals are using their economic power to move the marketplace toward health and sustainability.


National Farm to School Census

Author: NA
Affiliated Organization: US Department of Agriculture
Location: national
Sector: farm to school
Year Published: 2013

This resource provides updated information about how many school food authorities are purchasing locally produced food for school meal programs or conducting other farm to school activities such as bringing students to farms and farmers into classrooms, teaching students how to cook locally grown food, and cultivating edible school gardens


Measuring Current Consumption of Locally Grown Foods in Vermont: Methods for Baselines and Targets

Authors: David Conner, Florence Becot, Doug Hoffer, Ellen Kahler, Scott Sawyer, Linda Berlin
Affiliated Organizations: University of Vermont, Vermont Sustainable Jobs Fund
Location: Vermont
Sector: food system, including farm to institution
Year Published: 2013

Numerous studies have measured the economic impact of increased consumption of locally grown foods, and many advocates have set goals for increasing consumption of locally grown foods to a given percentage. In this paper, the authors first apply previously developed methods to the state of Vermont, to measure the quantity and value of food that would be consumed if the USDA Dietary Guidelines were followed. They also assess the potential of locally grown foods to meet these guidelines, finding that meeting dietary guidelines with a local, seasonal diet would bring economic benefit, in this case, US$148 million in income for Vermont farmers. A missing piece of information has been: what is the current percentage of locally grown food being consumed in a given city, state, or region? The Farm to Plate Strategic Plan, a 10-year plan for strengthening Vermont's food system, attempted to answer this question. To date, no credible set of methods to precisely measure the percentage of food consumed that is locally grown is known. The authors collect data from a variety of sources to estimate current local consumption of food. They were able to measure and account for about US$52 million in local food expenditures, equal to about 2.5% of all food expenditures in Vermont. The report concludes with a discussion on limitations and suggestions for improving measurement methods moving forward.


Farm to School in Minnesota: Fourth Annual Survey of School Food Service Leaders

Author: NA
Affiliated Organizations: Institute for Agriculture & Trade Policy, Minnesota School Nutrition Association
Location: Minnesota
Sector: farm to school
Year Published: 2012

Aimed at educating children about where and how their food is grown, strengthening local economies and supporting healthy eating habits, the Farm to School (F2S) movement is rapidly growing. The Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP) has supported Farm to School efforts locally and nationally since 2007. This report summarizes the survey feedback on current progress, challenges, and opportunities from food service leaders at 184 of the 333 K-12 school districts in Minnesota in the fourth annual IATP Farm to School survey.


Evaluation Report of Davis Farm to School & Davis Joint Unified School District School Lunch Program School Year 2011 - 2012

Authors: Gail Feenstra, Jeri Ohmart
Affiliated Organizations: UC Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program
University of California Davis
Location: California
Sector: farm to school
Year Published: 2012

With this report, UC Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program evaluates four goals that
comprise an agreement between Davis Joint Unified School District and Davis Farm to School: 1) increase
farm fresh food in school food offerings; 2) reduce solid waste through a comprehensive district recycling
program; 3) provide education opportunities to promote a healthy lifestyle and develop the whole child; and
4) engage the community and evaluate programs to provide information to the community. 


Results from the 2009 Michigan Farm to School Survey: Participation Grows from 2004

Authors: Kathryn J.A. Colasanti, MS; Colleen Matts, MS; Michael W. Hamm, PhD
Affiliated Organizations: Center for Regional Food Systems, Department of Community, Agriculture, Recreation and Resource Studies, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
Location: Michigan
Sector: farm to school
Year Published: 2012

This study investigated changes in Michigan school food service directors’ farm to school (FTS) participation levels and perspectives since a 2004 survey and factors that would facilitate FTS expansion.


New England Beef-to-Institution Marketing Study

Authors: Rose Wilson, Charlene Andersen, Louise Calderwood, Kate Rumley
Affiliated Organizations: Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets; state agricultural departments in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts and New Hampshire; Vermont Agricultural Innovation Center; Rhode Island Division of Agriculture; Healthcare Without Harm; Northeast Farm-to-School Network; Harvest New England
Location: Michigan
Sector: farm to school
Year Published: 2011

The goal of this study was to assess the institutional demand for regionally grown ground beef; analyze the logistics and infrastructure required to support such demand; and propose a model that could be replicated amongst the New England states to source, process, market and distribute regionally grown ground beef to institutions. The study concluded that: 1) There are opportunities for growth in the use of local beef in institutional markets in all six New England States 2) The bulk of the need (86%) is for raw, bulk ground beef, with no additional processing (pasteurizing, cooking, spicing, shaping, or scoring) required and 3) Two models are currently in use that could be replicated on a regional basis to service this demand.


The Impact of Institutional Sales on Farm Income in Massachusetts

Author: Melissa Adams
Affiliated Organization: Massachusetts Farm to School Project
Location: Massachusetts
Sector: farm to school
Year Published: 2011

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the financial impact of institutional customers on a representative group of Massachusetts farms in 2010. (The Project defines institutional customers as any public or private schools, colleges, hospitals, or other organizations that have dining services that serve food.) This study provides a snapshot of how many farms currently sell their products to institutions, how much of an impact these sales are having on farm income, and what kinds of issues exist in establishing and maintaining relationships between farmers and institutions. Survey results will help provide focus and direction for the Project in the near future. 


Connecting Classrooms, Cafeterias & Communities: Promising Practices of Farm to School Education Summary of Evaluation Findings

Authors: Andrew Powers, Linda Berlin, Erin Buckwalter, Jane Kolidinsky, Erin Roche
Affiliated Organizations: PEER Associates, University of Vermont
Location: Vermont
Sector: farm to school
Year Published: 2011

A report on a 2010 evaluation project to explore the impact of farm to school programs in Vermont on student fruit and vegetable consumption.


Massachusetts Farm to School Project: 2009 Farm Survey 

Authors: Field to Table, Inc.
Affiliated Organizations: Massachusetts Farm to School Project
Location: Massachusetts
Sector: farm to school
Year Published: 2009

The purpose of this study was to survey farmers in Massachusetts (MA) participating in the Farm to School Project. The focus was mainly to determine how many schools farmers are wholesaling to, what they are selling, gross sales, how profitable it is for them, and what they would do to improve this part of their farm business.